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While security continues to be an ongoing challenge in Syria, the country’s internal and global political atmosphere is also becoming more complex due to an external air intervention.
 

 
 

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No major change in the map of influence was observed during the reporting period as clashes continued between the Government of Syria and armed opposition groups in the northern and southern parts of the country. Increased mortar and rocket shelling was reported on Damascus, Homs and Lattakia cities. Sanctions imposed on Syria continued to adversely impact the ability of economic and social sectors, including health, to better serve people during the crisis.

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Violence has escalated in several parts of Syria. Of the 4.6 million people living in hard-to-reach areas, 422,000 remained besieged. This included 26,500 people besieged by non-state armed groups in Nebula and Zahra, and 228,000 people besieged by ISIL in the government-controlled western neighbourhoods of Deir-ez-Zor. The number of violence-affected people with limited access to life-saving reproductive health and gender-based services has continuously been on the rise.
 

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Millions of Syrians have been forcibly displaced internally or into the surrounding region as a result of persecution and conflict, as well as human rights violations. They have been condemned to a life of misery in the worst-ever displacement crisis since World War II. The world commemorated World Refugee Day on June 20, shedding light on the scale of Syria’s protracted conflict that is expanding geographically and showing no signs of abating.
 

 

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More than four years of war have ravaged Syrian families and communities. Syrian women and girls are living through the most damaging conflict in the region’s recent history. Female refugees are sometimes subjected to sexual violence, and more frequently suffer from harassment and abuse. Delivering their children can be dangerous. They often lack access to prenatal and post-natal care and emergency obstetric care if they need it. For the women of Syria the process of reintegration and recovery at the individual and community level will be long and complex.
 

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No one in Syria has escaped the impact of four years of conflict. The country has almost lost four decades of human development. Today, four out of five Syrians live in poverty, misery, and deprivation. People live in overcrowded conditions with poor protection mechanisms. More than half of the hospitals have closed down or lost services. The number of health professionals has dropped by more than half. Unemployment has risen to over 50 percent. Life expectancy has declined by 20 years. Gender-based violence has become widespread and is sometime being perpetrated in a systematic and sophisticated manner. More than half of the Syrian population is estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance. 

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No one in Syria has escaped the impact of four years of civil war. The country has almost lost four decades of human development. Today, four out of five Syrians live in poverty, misery, and deprivation. People live in overcrowded conditions with poor protection mechanisms. More than half of the hospitals have closed down or lost services. The number of health professionals has dropped by more than half. Unemployment has risen to over 50 percent. Life expectancy has declined by 20 years. Gender-based violence has become widespread and is sometime being perpetrated in a systematic and sophisticated manner. More than half of the Syrian population is estimated to be in need of humanitarian assistance.

 

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March 2015 marked four years of civil war in Syria. While many in the world have moved on, Syrians find themselves trapped in conflict, and forced to flee for their lives. The fighting has killed at least 220,000 people; and 840,000 have been injured in violence.
 
 

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UNFPA believes that every Syrian woman and girl has the right to have access to affordable reproductive health care and be effectively protected from gender-based violence. UNFPA and its partners are scaling up efforts to empower and improve the lives of Syrian women and youth and impacted communities in host countries, including by advocating for human rights and gender equality, to better cope with and recover from the crisis.

 

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Gender-based violence is a complicated and sensitive subject. Reporting on gender-based violence means discussing issues that are often considered ‘taboo,’ and talking publicly about intimate and distressing matters. This can be particularly challenging in countries where tradition and religion play an important role in everyday life.

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